A federation (sometimes referred to as a hard federation) is where two or more maintained schools come together under one governing body. The schools’ individual governing bodies are disbanded and a new single over-arching governing body is formed. This becomes the accountable body for all the schools and sets the strategic direction for the group.
From September 2017 to March 2018, we worked in Formal Collaboration, which is a less formal arrangement in which the governing bodies remain separate but establish a joint executive committee. There are just over 1000 schools are part of a federation in England.